In some ways, art historian, critic, teacher, translator, and studier of Greek, Latin, Sanskrit, and classical philosophy Thomas McEvilley started multiculturalism as we know it in the art world. In 1984, MoMA organized "Primitivism" in 20th Century Art: Affinity of the Tribal and the Modern. In a series of brilliantly reasoned scathing letters to the editor of Artforum, McEvilley blasted MoMA, all museums of modern art, and the entire art-historical infrastructure as it then existed. His claim, which was then correct, was that European and American art history was using third world art and artists as footnotes to Western art history without recognizing the primacy of these formal cultures. Asian and African works were rarely not seen in lower hierarchical position to western art — which played the role of masterpiece and genius to tribal art's perpetual role as influence or antecedent. McEvilley's role as spokesperson was elevated to general in the war on cultural imperialism when, to everyone's surprise, the show's curators answered back in Artforum. For a few issues the art world watched and read a war of words take place.
read more: http://www.vulture.com/2013/03/thomas-mcevilley-1939-2013.html